Sources of the Indian Constition

Sources of the Indian Constitution

Borrowed features of the Constitution 

Indian Polity - Brief Notes

Sources of the Indian Constition
Sources of the Indian Constition

Indian Polity or Indian Constitution is an important part General Studies.
Indian Constitution came into force on 26th November 1949. The Constituent Assembly of India drafted the constitution considering features of constitutions of the other countries as well as from the Government of India Act 1935. There are various sources of Indian constitution for some features of it are borrowed from different countries.
 In this section, we will know the Major Sources of Indian Constitution.

Sources of Indian Constitution | Indian Polity

1. Our constitution has features taken from the Government of India Act, 1935. Those features are:

  • Federal Scheme
  • Office of governor
  • Judiciary
  • Public Service Commissions
  • Emergency provisions
  • Administrative details

2. Borrowed from Australia:

  • Concurrent list
  • Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse
  • Joint-sitting of the two Houses of Parliament 

3. Borrowed from Canada:

  • Federation with a strong Centre
  • Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre
  • Appointment of state governors by the Centre
  • Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

4. Borrowed from Ireland:
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha
  • Method of election of the president

5. Borrowed from Japan:

  •  Procedure Established by law

6. Borrowed from Soviet Union (USSR) (Present, Russia):

  • Fundamental duties
  • Ideals of justice (social, economic and political) in the Preamble

7. Borrowed from UK:

  • Parliamentary government
  • Rule of Law
  • Legislative procedure
  • Single Citizenship
  • Cabinet system
  • Prerogative writs
  • Parliamentary privileges
  • Bicameralism

8. Borrowed from US:

  • Fundamental rights
  • Independence of judiciary
  • Judicial review
  • Impeachment of the president
  • Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges
  • Post of vice-president

9. Borrowed from Germany:

  •  Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency

10. Borrowed from South Africa:

  • Procedure for amendment in the Indian Constitution
  • Election of members of Rajya Sabha

11. Borrowed from France:

  • Republic
  • Ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity in the Preamble

This Page Contains:

Sources of Indian Constitution, List of Sources of the Constitution, Foreign Sources of the Indian Constitution, Major Sources of Indian Constitution, Borrowed features of Indian Constitution.

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