Physiography of India | Important Ghats of India

Physiography of India

Important Ghats of India 

Physiography deals with the study of the landforms of the Earth Surface. Here we will discuss about the Physiography of India. In this section our topic is Different Ghats of India. 

 Physiography of India | Important Ghats of India

Important Ghats of India

The Western Ghats 

  • Western Ghats is also known as Sahyadri.
  • In the Nilgiri the Eastern Ghat joins Western Ghat to form a mountain knot whose highest points is Anaimudi. 
  • The average elevation of the Western Ghats varies between 1000 to 1300 m. All the important rivers of peninsular India, like Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri rise from the Western Ghats. 
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight hot-spots of biological diversity in the world.
  • During the monsoon season between June and September, the unbroken Western Ghats chain acts as a barrier to the moisture-laden clouds. 
Bhorghat : Bhor Ghat joins Mumbai with Pune. It is one of the busy passes in the Western Ghat. The discovery of a route to make a motorable pass in Bhor Ghat came after information was provided by a local Dhangar tribesman called Shigroba. Later, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway laid a railway line from Mumbai to Pune. 

Palghat : Western Ghat joins Coimbatore with Kochi and Kozhikode. It is also known as Palakkad Gap. It joins Tamilnadu with the seaports of Kerala.

Thalghat : Western Ghat joins with Nasik and Mumbai. Thalghat is also known as Kasara Ghat.

Important Ghats of India
 Important Ghats of India

Goran Ghats : Udaipur joins with Sirohi and Jalore in Rajasthan .

Haldighat : It connects Rajsamand and Pali district in Rajasthan. The battle of Haldighati between Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar and Raja Mansingh of Amber took place on 18th June , 1576 in this place.

Eastern Ghats

  • The average height of Eastern Ghats is about 600 m. 
  • Between Mahanadi and Godavari, the average elevation is about 1100 m.
  • The Male Mahadeshwara Hills Temple is situated in Chamarajanagar district in Karnataka state in the Eastern Ghats.
  • The Similipal massif is considered the farthest northeast extension of the Eastern Ghats.
  • The Eastern Ghats Mountain Ranges are extends from Orissa to Tamil Nadu.
  •  It is drained by the Godavari and the Krishna River.
  • Asia's biggest tiger reserve, Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Sanctuary is located in the Nallamala range of Eastern Ghats.
---------Geography of India-----------

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